To high temperatures - with us!

10th June was the 85th birth anniversary of Dr. Yakov Kalugin, an outstanding Russian inventor

The 10th of June is the anniversary of Dr. Yakov Kalugin, an outstanding Russian metallurgical engineer, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, an academician of Prochorov Academy of Engineering Sciences, the inventor of Kalugin Top Combustion Stove.

Yakov Kalugin was born on 10th June 1937 in the family of a military surgeon in Kievka Village, Nurinsk District, Karaganda Region in the USSR.

In 1955 he finished school in Novokuznetsk and entered Siberian Metallurgical Institute in the specialty of metallurgical furnaces which he graduated with honors in 1961. Soon he was employed as an engineer in Ural Research and Development Pipe Institute (Chelyabinsk, Russia).

In 1963 he embarked on postgraduate study at Scientific-Research Institute of Metallurgical Heat Engineering (VNIIMT) where he worked later in the positions from Junior Research Associate to Chief of Hot Blast Stove Laboratory.

In 1971 he defended a candidate’s thesis titled “Investigation and Elimination of Flame Pulsation during Combustion in Hot Blast Stoves”.

Under his guidance, a group of young scientists from VNIIMT studied problems of the stoves used in blast-furnace production. At that time, such a physical phenomenon as flame pulsations during combustion occurred due to increased thermal loads. This phenomenon inhibited the growth in the hot blast temperature which is one of the most important parameters determining efficiency of blast furnace operation. 

Working on solution of this problem, Yakov Kalugin theoretically described emergence of pulsations in hot blast stoves and developed methods how to cope with this phenomenon.  So, he was the first in the USSR who developed ceramic burners for hot blast stoves which made it possible to increase the hot blast temperature up to 1250°ะก.

Yakov Kalugin was running various research projects at most hot blast stoves in the USSR and obtained valuable scientific data required for calculation of optimal operating conditions for hot blast stoves.

Dr. Kalugin’s most important invention is development of Top Combustion Stove Design called after the inventor’s name Kalugin Shaftless Stove (KSS).

The first Kalugin Stove was constructed in Russia in 1982 at Nizhny Tagil Iron and Steel Works and was in operation for almost 30 years.

After successful implementation of new technology, Yakov Kalugin started development of the whole family of top combustion stoves which left behind in their technical parameters all the world’s available equivalent technologies.

In 2000 Yakov Kalugin established KALUGIN engineering company and the advanced technology started its spread all over the world.

In 2009 he defensed a PhD thesis titled “Development of Fundamentals and Implementation of New High-Temperature Regenerative Heat Exchangers in Industrial Operation” and was elected a full-fledged member of Prochorov Academy of Engineering Sciences.

For more than 20 years of operation, KALUGIN Company founded by Dr. Kalugin constructed more than 250 Kalugin Stoves which are in operation at steel plants in Russia, China, India, Ukraine, Japan, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, Turkey, Brazil, Syria and Czech Republic.

In the near term the company is planning to implement additionally about 40 stoves. So, more than 30% of Russian iron and 10% of world’s iron is being produced using Kalugin Shaftless Stoves.

Yakov Kalugin is an author of monographs and academic papers. He received a number of inventor's certificate and patents.

He was awarded a Medal of Honor For Labor Valor.

Dr. Kalugin died on 4th November 2012 in China where he arrived for negotiations with the customer.

The outstanding inventor has been buried at Shirokaya Rechka Cemetry in Ekaterinburg, Russia.,_%D0%AF%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2_%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BF%D1%8C%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87